Monday, November 7, 2011

Philidelphia Policeman Caught Lying in Court Will Receive No Penalty

Simple Justice
Scott A. Greenfield

It was a simple bust, as Police Officer Steven Lupo explained.

It looked like an open-and-shut case. A cop pulls over a car, walks up to the driver's door, and sees a plastic baggy of marijuana. He brings in a drug-sniffing dog to prove probable cause for a search, gets a warrant, and finds a kilo of weed in the trunk.

Text book all the way.  The request for a medal for excellence almost writes itself.  On cross-examination, Michael Diamondstein played the "are you sure" game, locking Lupo into his testimony.  Close your eyes and envision the smug cop on the stand, calmly testify with that half-smile on his face, believing that he, Police Officer Lupo, was king of the courtroom.

In court, Diamondstein asked Lupo to confirm that account, according to a transcript of the hearing.
"Before you got to Mr. Farsi, did you open the rear driver's side passenger door and take that individual out and pat him down?"

"No," Lupo said.

Then Diamondstein asked, "I just want to make sure that we are clear that you certainly didn't just open the door prior to any conversation, take him out, and pat him down. That definitely didn't happen?" Diamondstein said.

"Correct," Lupo replied.

Change the names and this could be the transcript from a thousand other trials.  Except what came next doesn't happen often.

Then defense attorney Michael Diamondstein produced the video.
Turned out reality was different.

The video taken from nearby surveillance cameras contradicted key facts in Lupo's report and sworn testimony. Most crucially, Lupo and an unidentified supervisor are seen rummaging through the trunk hours before a warrant was issued.

Straight down the line, Lupo lied, secure in the mistaken belief that he could plop his donut encrusted butt on the witness chair and tell a completely fabricated story about how he's just about the dandiest cop ever, just doing his job, applying the Constitution and keeping us safe from the bad guys.  Except he was a liar, and Diamondstein had the video to prove it.

Judge Lydia Y. Kirkland tossed the case after the video was played.  Had no video been played, she would have been sentencing the defendant instead.

"I can just tell you from my experience," said veteran defense attorney Diamondstein, "in the majority of cases, while the clients may not deny having narcotics, in the vast majority of cases the circumstances surrounding the arrest did not happen as it was described in the paperwork or in court."
Years ago, New York Daily News columnist Murray Kempton coined the phrase, "there they go again, framing the guilty."  It's one I repeat often, as its point reflects the most problematic part of law enforcement and law.  Despite the fact that Lupo turns out to be a liar, there will be a great many people who think to themselves, "so what?"  The guy was a drug dealer, and who cares that a cop stopped a drug dealer, seized the drugs and then said what he had to say to lock the scum away.

The ends justify the means, especially when there's an undercurrent that if it wasn't for criminal-coddling technicalities that make a cop's job so difficult, he wouldn't have any need to lie.  In fact, in a perfect world, there wouldn't have been a trial at all, Lupo's word being all any law-abiding citizen needed.

This story was sent to me by a young Philadelphia civil litigator who was shocked (shocked!) that police officers would so brazenly lie.  He was outraged that such a thing could happen.

If they don't press charges against the police officer for perjury, then our system of justice is a joke.  I don't practice criminal law, but it's like the courts downright refuse to make the police and prosecutors follow any of the rules, unless it's so egregious that it ends up on the news.  (like Duke Lacrosse).  One way of looking at this is the prosecutor proffered perjured testimony... (though I hope the cop just lied to the DA).

To anyone who has spent time in the criminal law trenches, this has to raise a chuckle.  Even the implicit epiphany misses most of the problem.  Lupo wasn't a lone indian, but working with his partner, and later a supervisor, all of whom studiously violated as many constitutional rights as they could get their hands on. What of the partner? What of the supervisor?  They were all complicit, both in the violation of constitutional rights as well as the conspiracy to lie to the court.  No one came forward to out Lupo's lies.

But the bigger picture, as Diamondstein notes (and Kempton reiterated decades ago), is that this isn't the outlier, but the norm.  There's a game played in courtrooms, where testimony is provided that conforms to what naive or compliant judges and juries expect of police officers.  But cops know how things go in the streets, and laugh at the law.  They do what they think they have to do, what the believe they can get away with, and tell the story to the court they know it wants to hear.

When it's only a bad guy involved, there's no hard feelings.  It's a game.  We fight over rules, and they lie about them to put the bad guy in prison.  Everyone goes home feeling pretty good about themselves.

Had Diamondstein not been able to get his hands on a video that proved Lupo a liar, the case would have gone down the usual path.  Lupo would have gotten another ribbon for his shield, and the defendant would be doing some time in the pokey.  The judge wouldn't have broken a sweat buying the testimony and imposing sentence, and the prosecutor would have enjoyed a beer and the admiration of his friends for a job well done.

There was a video, this time. 

After the video was played, and Lupo's lies were revealed to even the blindest person in the room, the brazenness wasn't over.

After seeing the video, Kirkland took over questioning. In response to her questions, Lupo admitted that his testimony about never having searched the trunk was incorrect.

"I totally forgot about he asked me to open it at one point," Lupo said, referring to the supervisor on the scene.

"Without a warrant?" Kirkland asked. "Did you have a warrant?"
"No," Lupo said.

He forgot.  All is forgiven.  Try that with anyone other than a cop and see how well it works out.

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